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Ostrava – Meine Tipps für die schönsten SehenswürdigkeitenOstrava oder zu Deutsch Ostrau liegt im äußersten Osten Tschechiens und ist den meisten Reisenden sicher eher weniger bekannt. Und das, obwohl Ostrava. Ostrava. Großstadt in Tschechien. Sprache · Beobachten · Bearbeiten · Welt > Eurasien > Europa > Mitteleuropa > Tschechien > Mähren und. Ostrava – Neues Rathaus. Zehn Kilometer von der Grenze zu Polen und 50 Kilometer der Grenze zur Slowakei liegt die drittgrößte Stadt der Tschechischen.
Ostrava Tschechien Warum sehe ich BILD.de nicht? VideoOstrava,Tschechien und Öproviderpreference.com?#42
Another theory suggests that the Bishop granted Ostrava the right to use the horse in its coat-of-arms out of gratitude for the assistance that the town provided to the people of the Bishop's estate in Hukvaldy when the estate was being looted and pillaged.
Apparently the help came so quickly that the pillagers did not have time to attach bridles to their horses before making their escape. This is said to have confused the attacking armies so much that they fled.
In , Ostrava's new marketing logo was unveiled. The three exclamation marks are meant to symbolise the dynamism, energy and self-confidence of Ostrava and its people.
The settlement occupied a strategic position on the border between the two historic provinces of Moravia and Silesia and on the ancient trade route from the Baltic Sea to the Adriatic Sea known as the Amber Road.
Its location helped the town to grow and flourish. However, Ostrava began to decline in importance after the Thirty Years' War , and it was occupied by Swedish forces from to A turning point in Ostrava's history came in with the discovery of extensive deposits of high-quality bituminous coal on the Silesian bank of the Ostravice River.
In , the owner of the local estates, Rudolf Jan, the archbishop of Olomouc , established an ironworks , which was named after him as the Rudolfshütte.
The company became the driving force behind Ostrava's industrial boom. By the second half of the 20th century, the city was nicknamed the country's "steel heart".
At a massacre at an internment camp, German-speaking citizens were killed. Initially, the new housing projects were on a relatively-small scale focusing on the Poruba district and featuring architecture in the Socialist realism style.
Later, however, the authorities built larger-scale developments of prefabricated apartment blocks in Poruba and created a series of satellite estates to the south of the city Ostrava-Jih.
The city centre was gradually depopulated, and its people were moved out to the suburbs, as part of a long-term plan to destroy the city centre entirely and to turn the land over to coal-mining.
The s brought a rapid decline in the city's traditional industrial sectors: iron, steel, chemicals and coal-mining. The last coal was mined on 30 June , which was accompanied by major investments to rectify ecological damage done by decades of heavy industry.
The projects ultimately brought major improvements in the city's environment and quality of life. As well as hundreds of hectares of recultivated former mining land, the city also has numerous natural landscape features of interest, many of which are protected nature reserves.
A rare geological feature found in the city is the granite erratic boulders. Originally from Scandinavia, they were left behind after the last Ice Age , when the ice sheets retreated.
Another feature is the Ema slag heap , an artificial hill made of mining waste slag that offers panoramic views. The waste is still burning deep beneath the surface, which gives the slag-heap its own microclimate.
On 10 December , a shooting at a hospital in Ostrava left eight people dead, including the perpetrator. It differs from most neighbouring regions by the high concentration of industry, dense population and the geographical conditions of the Ostrava basin.
Ostrava is On 14 September , Ostrava's City Authority decided to divide the city into 22 districts, effective 24 November that year. Some of the local authorities are further subdivided into smaller units.
The first mayor of Moravian Ostrava and the last person to hold the office before , while the Czech lands were part of Austria-Hungary , was Hermann Zwierzina.
The city's mayor during the Nazi occupation, Emil Beier, merged Moravian Ostrava and Silesian Ostrava to form a single administrative unit.
It is the first airport in the Czech Republic to have its own rail link. It handles scheduled flights several times a week to London and Warsaw.
In the summer season there are also numerous charter flights, mainly to destinations in the Mediterranean region. The road infrastructure of the region is centred on the D1 motorway , which runs from Prague via Brno and Ostrava into Poland.
Other major roads which pass through Ostrava are the Class I roads 11, 56, 58, and 59, as well as the E75 and E trans-European routes. The city has a dense public transport network consisting of trams , buses and trolleybuses.
The first trams, introduced in , were powered by steam engines. The network was rapidly expanded, and in it was electrified.
Initially there was one trolleybus route which encircled the city centre. The network was gradually expanded in the s and 60s, replacing the narrow-gauge railways.
A route to the Fifejdy housing estate was built in the late s. The last expansion of the trolleybus network came in the mids, when a route was built out to the suburb of Koblov.
There are 52 bus lines and 14 trolleybus lines. The city's largest railway stations are the main station Ostrava hl. Um mit Inhalten aus Twitter und anderen sozialen Netzwerken zu interagieren oder diese darzustellen, brauchen wir deine Zustimmung.
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Neben pädagogischen, natur- und geisteswissenschaftlichen Studiengängen ist eine medizinische Fakultät mit einem Universitätsklinikum angegliedert.
Seit findet in der Stadt das internationale Musikfestival Colours of Ostrava statt und seit das Beats for Love für elektronische Musik. Schwarzer Stern und das Irish Pub Dublin.
Weitere Sehenswürdigkeiten sind: . Im September wurde hier die Tischtennis-Europameisterschaft ausgetragen. Monatliche Durchschnittstemperaturen und -niederschläge für Ostrava.
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